Businesses: How and Why

BS Business How and Why

Businesses operate to fulfill a variety of objectives, the primary of which is to provide goods or services that meet the needs and wants of consumers. They operate under various models and scales, from small local businesses to large multinational corporations. The reasons businesses operate, and their potential harm or benefit to the common man, are multifaceted and depend on several factors, including their operational practices, their sector, and their impact on the economy, society, and environment. Here’s a detailed look at how and why businesses operate and their potential effects on the common man:


How Businesses Operate

  1. Providing Goods and Services: At their core, businesses seek to fulfill the demand for products and services. This involves identifying market needs, producing offerings to meet those needs, and delivering them efficiently to consumers.
  2. Profit Generation: For most businesses, generating profit is a primary goal. Profit allows a business to sustain operations, pay employees, invest in growth, and reward shareholders.
  3. Innovation and Development: Businesses also operate to innovate and develop new products, services, and technologies. This drives competition, lowers prices, improves quality, and leads to economic growth.
  4. Employment Creation: By operating, businesses create jobs and contribute to employment. This is crucial for economic stability and the well-being of individuals and communities.
  5. Market Competition: Businesses contribute to a competitive market environment, which can lead to benefits for consumers through lower prices, higher quality products, and more choices.


Potential Harm to the Common Man

  1. Environmental Damage: Some businesses, especially in manufacturing, mining, and agriculture, can cause environmental harm through pollution, deforestation, and other practices that may affect public health and quality of life.
  2. Economic Inequality: Large corporations can sometimes contribute to economic inequality by exploiting workers, avoiding taxes through loopholes, or engaging in anti-competitive practices that hurt smaller businesses and consumers.
  3. Exploitative Labor Practices: In some industries, businesses may engage in exploitative labor practices, such as paying low wages, unsafe working conditions, and child labor, impacting the well-being of workers.
  4. Consumer Exploitation: Some businesses may engage in unfair practices like price fixing, misleading advertising, or selling unsafe products, which can exploit and harm consumers



Positive Example: A technology company, such as Tesla, innovates in electric vehicles and sustainable energy solutions, contributing to environmental sustainability and creating high-quality jobs.

Negative Example: A large retail corporation may be criticized for poor labor practices, including low wages and inadequate health benefits for its workers, contributing to economic inequality.



Whether businesses are harmful or beneficial to the common man depends on a range of factors, including how they operate, their impact on the economy and society, and the regulatory environment in which they operate. Ethical business practices, corporate social responsibility, and effective regulation are crucial in ensuring that businesses contribute positively to society and the economy while minimizing harm to the common man.



The people need more peaceful life in this highly technical world. Psytechology is there to help the masses in it.

Prof. Dr. Muhammad Ovais

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